Rose Cottage

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150 Pleasant Street

A quaint example of the Gothic Cottage, 150 Pleasant St. was affectionately known as 'Rose Cottage'. J. Edward Artz, a carpenter, built the home himself for his family and it still stands today with a few alterations.

 

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     Located on the eastern side of Pleasant Street, near the intersection of Pleasant Street and Empire Street, sits a small and rather unobtrusive house with a subtle architectural beauty and a long history. 150 Pleasant Street was built by carpenter J. Edward Artz around 1859. The home was fondly known as Rose Cottage by its first owners. The house is not overly large and is not intricately decorated like many other Victorian style homes in town.  It is, however, a very good example of a small cottage-like house in the Gothic Revival style.

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Rose Cottage, circa 1980. Inventory Site Form, Built Heritage Files, DesBrisay Museum.

     The Gothic Revival style originated in Europe in the mid 18th century but did not make its way to Canada until the mid 19th century. With peaked windows, steeply pitched roofs and dormers, the Gothic Revival style was a drastic change from the styles before it.  Houses of Nova Scotia describes the Gothic Revival Style as "used as an antidote to plain Neo-Classical derivatives", and that "for most people it was a delightful change from the simple good proportions of the Neo-Classical and Classical Revival styles...".  The Gothic Revival Style allowed builders to become more adventurous with the pitch of the roof and unusual decorative elements that were most prominent on churches.

     J. Edward Artz chose the Gothic Revival style to build his small house, at a time when it was still quite popular.  Today, apart from some vinyl siding, modifications to the first floor front windows and a small addition at the rear, the house remains quite intact.  Rose Cottage has a gable roof with a lone central Gothic dormer.  Over the dormer window sits an unusual hood moulding, coming to a peak that transforms the rectangular window into a gothic window.  The cornerboards are plain and simple, and the moulding around the eaves is unadorned.  Despite the basic design and decorations of Rose Cottage, the door is rather elaborate.  It has sidelights flanked by pilasters and an elegant and prominent cornice over the doorway.  Originally, the house would have been finished with wooden clapboard or shingles.  The house has balance and symmetry with its central gothic dormer and centered elaborate doorway.  The only part of the house that is not centered is a single brick chimney on one side.

     Artz bought the land from Christian Ernst, a farmer, in 1858.  Soon after purchasing the lot, Artz began building Rose Cottage.  It was built around 1859-60 and appears on the 1883 A.F. Church map with the title "J.E. Artz, Rose Cottage".

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Anna Artz, wife of J. Edward Artz, knitting on the porch of Rose Cottage. 2006.23.3 DBP150

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Ella May (Artz) Winslow, in front of Rose Cottage in July 1933. 2006.23.4

     Four years after his house was constructed, Artz married Anna (or Anah) Matilda Fancy in Pleasant River, Queens County on December 24, 1864. Together, the couple had four children. Their first child, James Robert, was born December 18th, 1866 in Bridgewater. James Robert passed away in 1894, at the age of 28, but not before following in his father's footsteps and becoming a carpenter. Anna and J. Edward's second child was named Emma Etta, born November 17, 1868. She died at the young age of 9. Their third child, Charles Edward was born May 18th, 1871 and became a bookkeeper at the age of 20. Their fourth child was named Ella May and she was born on July 3, 1874.· Ella May married Thomas Henry Winslow, a man from the United States, on June 1st, 1898. He passed away in October 1910 and is buried in Brookside Cemetery in Bridgewater. No records of any children resulting from that marriage can be found. Ella May Winslow returned to live in Rose Cottage after the death of her husband, residing with her mother Anna and her father J. Edward Artz.

     On top of raising their children in Rose Cottage, J. Edward and Anna also had three young women staying with them: Cynthia Freeman (age 15), Sarah Smith (age 20) and Elizabeth Ivery (age 39). Elizabeth Ivery was a music teacher from Australia. It is unclear exactly who these women were or why they lived with the Artzes. They may have been related in some way to the Artz family, or may have been friends of the family, or perhaps they were just boarders who needed a place to live while in Bridgewater.

     J. Edward Artz was never a wealthy man. It was recorded in the 1911 Census of Canada that in the previous year he earned 15 cents an hour as a carpenter, working 60 hours a week, 52 weeks a year. His total income for entire year of 1910 was under $500. Artz was working 60 hours a week and all year round at the age of 73. Artz also successfully ran for town council and served for one year in 1901.

     J. Edward Artz died on July 16, 1925 at the age of 87.  After his death, the house passed on to his wife Anna, who kept it until her death in June of 1926.  She willed it to her only living son, Charles Edward, who in turn deeded it to his sister, Ella May Winslow, that same year.  May Winslow lived in the home until she passed away in 1962, then the house left the Artz family.

     Today, the home has been vinyl sided, windows have been replaced and a modern section has been added to the rear, but the form and look of the Gothic cottage remain.

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Rose Cottage in 2008.

[1] Built Heritage File, 150 Pleasant Street.

[2] Allen Penney, Houses of Nova Scotia, An illustrated guide to Architectural Style Recognition (Halifax, Nova Scotia: Formac Publishing Company and The Nova Scotia Museum, 1989), 66.

[3] Penney, 66.

[4] McAlpine's Directory, 1896, 1199.

[5] Marriage Record of J. E. Artz and Anna Matilda Fancy.  Registration year: 1864.  Book: 1828, page 3, number 56.

[6] Birth Record of James R. Artz.  Registration year 1866, book 1817, page 43, number 256.

[7] The South Shore Genealogical Society, Cemetery Inscriptions for Lunenburg County, 2nd Series, Volume A, (1995), 105.

[8] 1891 Census of Canada,  reference RG31– Statistics Canada (Province of Nova Scotia, District of Lunenburg (38), sub district of Bridgewater, household number 161), 37.

[9] Birth Record of Emma Ella Artz.  Registration year 1868, book 1817, page 113, number 428.

[10] The South Shore Genealogical Society, 105.

[11] Birth Record of Charles Edward Artz, Registration year 1871, book 1817, page 186, number 395.

[12] 1891 Census of Canada, 37.

[13] Birth Record of Ella May Artz, Registration year 1874, book 1817, page 298, number 621.

[14] Marriage Record of Thomas Henry Winslow and Ella M. Artz.  Registration year 1898, book 1829, page 206, number 87.

[15] The South Shore Genealogical Society, 223.

[16] 1911 Census of Canada  (Province of Nova Scotia, District of Lunenburg (5), sub district of Bridgewater North), 16.

[17] 1881 Census of Canada (Province of Nova Scotia, District 11, sub-district 1, division 2, household number 64), 16.

[18] 1911 Census of Canada, 16.

[19] 1911 Census of Canada, 16.

[20]Bridgewater Town Councilors, 1899-current, Town of Bridgewater Annual Reports, 1899-1995-6 (Compiled January 22, 2010)

[21] Death Record of James E. Artz.  Registration year 1925, book 96, page 1043.

[22] The South Shore Genealogical Society, 105.